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jkpOf;fhf ,Wjptiu cioj;j f.ngh.,uj;jpdk;

mtu;fSk;> vdJ epidTj; jpiufSk;

 

(f.ngh.,uj;jpdk; mtu;fspd; epidT mQ;rypf; $l;lk; 733>Ngu;r;kTz; tPjp fdlh fe;jRthkp Nfhapy; kz;lgj;jpy; 9-1-2011 QhapW khiy 5kzpf;F eilngWtijapl;L ,f;fl;Liu ,lk;ngWfpwJ.)

e.eFyrpfhkzp

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Ntyizapy; fe;jg;gu; fhu;j;jpNfR nghd;dk;gyk; gj;jpdpg;gps;is mtu;f Sf;F kfdhf ,uj;jpdk; mtu;fs; 1914k; Mz;L khu;r; jpq;fs; 10k; ehs; gpwe;jhu;. mtu;fs; gapw;wg;gl;l Mrpupauhfp> gz;bju; guPl;irapy;Njwp gz;bjuhfp tpupTiu ahsuhf cau;e;J> nrd;id gy;fiyf;foj;j;jpy; jkpohuha;r;rp nra;tjw;F 1940,y; Gyikg;guprpy; ngw;Wr; nrd;W> jkpo; %jwpQuhf elkhLk; gy;fiyf;fofkhf jkpo; tsu;j;jNjhL> jpUf;Fws; khehLfis ,yq;ifapYk;> gy ntspehLfspYk; elhj;jp apUe;jhu;. khehl;by; k.ngh.rptQhdk;> ,yf;Fkzr;nrl;bahu;> rhiy ,se;jpiuad;> rhypdp ,se;jpiuad; ,tu;fs; Nghd;W gy jkpowpQu;fis tutioj;J gq;Nfw;f itj;jhu;. 1955y; nfhOk;G kfufk murpd; Mrpupau; fyhrhiyapy; gzpahw;wp E}w;Wf;fzf;fhd Mrpupau;fisg; gapw;Wtpj;jtu;.

 

jdpr; rpq;fs rl;lk;

 

,yq;ifapd; tuyhw;wpNy 1956k; Mz;L xU nfhe;jspg;ghd Mz;lhFk;. ,e;j Mz;bNyjhd; jdpr;rpq;fsr; rl;lk; nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ. rpq;fsk; kl;Lk; rl;lk;

epiwNtw;wg;gLtjw;F Kd;G 1944k; Mz;by; rpq;fsKk; jkpOk; ,yq;ifapd; mur fUk nkhopfs; vd;Dk; rl;lk; epiwNtw;wg;gl;lJ. mjid epiwNtw;w cUthf;fg; gl;l murfUk nkhopfs; jpizf;fsj;jpy; jkpo; Muha;r;rpj;Jiwj; jiytuhf murpdu;> ,uj;jpdk; mtu;fis me;jg; gjtpapy; mku;j;jpdu;.

 

vy;yhk; jkpo; ,af;fk; vDk; ngaUld; Xupaf;fj;ij je;ij nry;th tpd; Rje;jpud; Vl;bd; %yk; elhj;jp te;jhu;. mur fUkj;jpizf;fof %yk; jkpo;nkhopia gy jpizf;fofj;jpYk; eilKiwg;gLj;jpa nray;tPud; f.ngh. ,uj;jpdk; mtu;fs; mjpy; gzpGupAk;NghJ gjpidahapuj;jpw;F Nkw;gl;l jkpo; Ml;rpr; nrhw;fisr; rPu;gLj;jpr; nrk;ikg;gLj;jp ehd;F njhFjpfshf ,yq;if mur mr;rfj;jpNy ntspapl;L itj;jtu;.

 

1963y; jdpehaf mbfshUk; f.ngh.,uj;jpdk; Iah mtu;fSk; Nru;e;J Nfhyhyk;G+upy; cyfj; jkpo; Muha;r;rp kd;wj;ij epWtpdhu;fs;. mjd; njhlu;r;rp ahf gy jkpo; Muha;r;rp khehLfs; ele;jNjhL ,d;W nrk;nkhopahf mq;fPfupf;fg; gl;L nrk;nkhop khehLk; ele;Js;sJ.

 

fpspnehr;rp ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;

 

jkpopd;kPJk; jkpo; kf;fs; kPJk; cs;s gw;W fhuzkhf mtiu murpaypy; <Lglitf;fj; J}z;baJ. jkpo;muRf;fl;rpapd; cg gj;jpupifahd tpLjiy guzp vd;Dk; Vl;bd; Mrpupauhf gzpahw;wpapUe;j Ntisapy; fpspnehr;rp njhFjpapy; Nghl;bapl jkpouRf;fl;rp Ntl;ghsuhf epWj;jpapUe;jJ. md;W ,tiu vjpu;j;Jg; Nghl;bapl;l Kd;dhs; ke;jpup Nt.Fkhurhkp> tp.Mde;jrq;fup MfpNahiu Njhw; fbj;J ,uj;jpdk; mtu;fs; ghuhSkd;wj;jpw;F Kjw;jlitahf njupTnra;ag;gl;L kPz;Lk; mj;njhFjpiaj; jkpouRf;fl;rpf;F ngw;Wf; nfhLj;jhu;. fpspnehr;rpapy; jdp ahd fhzp mYtyfk;> jUkGuj;jpy; ghyk;> tPukL FbNaw;wk;> Nghd;w gzpfis mur cjtpAld; nra;tpj;jhu;.

 

 

 

 

Cu;fhtw;Wiwg; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;-:1970

 

Njrpa murpy; milahs ml;il ,yq;ifapy; midtUf;Fk; toq;Fk; kNrhjhit fl;rpf;fl;Lg;ghl;il kPwp vjpu;j;J thf;fspj;jikahy;> fl;rp fl;Lg; ghl;il kPwpajw;fhf ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu; t.etuj;jpdk; mtu;fisj; jkpo; muRf;fl;rpapypUe;J ntspNaw;wpapUe;jJ. mjd;gpd;du; t.etuj;jpdk; (jkpouRf;fl;rp %is vd;W tu;zpf;fg;gl;ltu;) jkpou; Rahl;rpf;fofk; vd;Dk; Gjpafl;rpia Muk; gpj;J ,Ue;jhu;. 1970 ghuhSkd;w Nju;jy; eilngw;wNghJ etuj;jpdk; mtu;fisj; Njhw;fbg;gjw;fhf f.ngh mtu;fis Cu;fhtw;Wiwj; njhFjpapy; Nghl;baplg; gzpj;jJ. mtUld; etuj;jpdKk; NtW %tUk; Nghl;bapl;l Nju;jypy; ngUk; ghd;ikahd thf;Ffshy; ntw;wpthif #bdhu;.

 

jLg;Gf;fhtypy;

 

1972Mk; Mz;by; jkpopdj;jpd; rpy mbg;gil cupikfSk; gwpf;fg;gl;l epiyapy; Gjpa FbauR mKYf;F tu,Ue;jJ. mg;NghJ mjd; vjpu;g;G eltbf; ifahf jkpo;<oj;ij mikf;ff; $wp Jz;Lfis itj;jpUe;jjhfTk; kf;fSf;F toq;fpajw;fhfTk; 1976 Nk 13k; ehs; gj;J ehl;fs; gpw jiytu;fNshL jLg;Gf; fhtypy; itf;fg;gl;ltu;. gpd;G tpNrl ePjpkd;wj;jpdhy; (Trial at Bar) tpLjiy nra;ag; gl;lhu;.

 

 

 

kPz;Lk; Cu;fhtw;Wiwg; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu; 1977

 

kPz;Lk; 1977y; ghuhSkd;w Nju;jy; eilngw;w NghJ ,j;Nju;jypYk; jd;id vjpu;j;J Rahl;rpf;fofr; rhu;gpy; Nghl;bapl;l jpU.etuj;jpdk; mtu;fis ntd;W ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu; Mdhu;. gz;bju; mtu;fs; 18 Mz;Lfs; ehlhS kd;wcWg;gpduhf ,Ue;J jdJ njhFjpf;Fk; jkpOf;Fk; Nrit gy Mw;wpAs;shu;.

 

kJiu cyfj;jkpohuha;r;rp khehL

 

 

1981 jkpo;ehL Rw;Wyhtpd;NghJ f.ngh.uj;jpdk;

 

1981k; Mz;L jkpof mg;Nghija Kjy; mikr;ru; jpU.vk;.[p.uhkr;re;jpud; mtu;fshy; kJiuapy; Ie;jhtJ cyfj; jkpohuha;r;rp khehL elhj;jg;gl;lJ. jkpou;tpLjiyf; $l;lzpg; ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdu;fSld; ,isQuzp rhu;gpy; ehDk; jiykd;dhu; topahf fg;gypy; nrd;W khehl;by; gq;Fgw;Wk; tha;g;Gf; fpilj;jJ. khehl;L Kbtpy; ntspehl;Lg; gpuKfu;fSf;F jdpuapy;(njhlu;) tz;b apy; jkpofmurpdhy; ehd;F jpdq;fs; xOq;Fnra;ag;gl;l Rw;Wyhtpy; gq;Fgw;wpa NghJk; jpU.fh.ngh. ,uj;jpdk; mtu;fSld; goFk; tha;g;Gf; fpilj;jJ vdJ kdj;jpiufspy; ,d;Wk; jpiuapl;lthNw cs;sJ.

 

jkpo;kiwf;Nfhl;lk;

jpU.fh.ngh.,uj;jpdk; mtu;fs; vOjpa epidTj; jpiufs; vd;w E}ypy; aho;efupy; jkpo;kiwf; Nfhl;lj;ij epWTk; Nehf;Fld; jhd; Ik;gJ Mz;Lfs; mUk;ghLgl;Lr; Nru;j;jE}y;fs; ahTk; jkpo; <oj;jpy; eilngWk; jkpoPog; Nghupdhy; mope;Jtpl;ld. ,yq;if muRg;gilfspd; Fz;Lj;jhf;FjypdhYk; Ntyizap Ys;s vd; tPl;bd; xUgFjpAk; ,e;E}y;fSk; Vida jkpo; Mq;fpy rk];fpUj E}y;fSk; mope;jd. vdJ tPl;bd;Nky; 24-5-1987,y; ,yq;if> tpkhdg;gil ehd;F Fz;Lfs; Nghl;lJ. mg;nghOJ mt;tPl;by; ikf;fy; gpypg;Nghg;> Njhk];Nfhd;rd; vd;Dk; gpuhd;Rehl;Lg; gj;jpupifepUgu;fs; ,Utu; tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; tpUe;jpdu; fshfj; jq;fpapUe;jdu;. ,tu;fs; jg;gpj; jkpo;ehl;Lf;F te;JNru;e;J ,f;Fz;L tPr;rpd; nfhLikapidg; gj;jpupiffSf;F vLj;Jiuj;jdu;. vd;W vOjpAs;shu;.

 

1987y; nrd;id kupdh flw;fiuapy; cz;zhtpujk;

 

jpU.,uj;jpdk; mtu;fs; jLg;Gf;fhtypy; gj;J ehl;fs;> J}f;Ff;fapW> jdpMl;rp> kdg;ghy;> mbikr;rhrdk;> ,yq;ifapy; ,d;gj;jkpo;> fhtpakzk;> epidTj;jpiufs; vd;gd mtu; ntspapl;l E}y;fspy; rpy ,tUila kiwT <oj;jkpou;fSf;F kl;Lkd;wp jkpo;ehl;L jkpo;kf;fs; midtupw;Fk; Ngupog;ghFk;.

 

crhj;Jiz E}y;fs;:

 

1 . epidTj; jpiufs; - Nguhrpupau; Kidtu; f.ngh.,uj;jpdk;.

2. <oj;jkpou; ,iwik K.jpUr;nry;tk;.

3. ty;ntl;bj;Jiw tuyhw;Wr; RtLfs; - e.eFyrpfhkzp.

4. ,yq;ifj;jkpouRf;fl;rp nts;sptpoh kyu; - 1974k; Mz;L.

 

 

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